The timeline of development in the stoic school of thought is largely inextricable from early Christianity, and many of the early disciples read greek and would have encountered these ideas. In fact, Seneca’s brother was the judge in the case of the Apostle Paul in Corinth.
Throughout the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) which recount Jesus’ life, his thoughts and teachings were primarily conveyed through his parables. These stories served as philosophical devices, stimulating deeper levels of self-inquiry.
Keith Ward, in The Philosopher and the Gospels, defines Jesus' moral teaching as “participative virtue ethics”.
I’d argue that even for atheists, Jesus’ brand of “Eudaimonism”, as a system of virtue ethics, warrants consideration alongside Stoicism and Neoplatonism, and is worth study for anyone seeking to live a life guided by virtue.
So here are some useful lessons, translated through the lens of Hellenistic philosophy.